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Communication

School/College: College of Letters and Science

Degree Conferred:

  • M.A. in Communication
  • Ph.D. in Communication

Contents

Related certificates

Overview

The Department of Communication offers M.A. and Ph.D. programs. The Master of Arts is designed to provide breadth and depth of study in the following areas: Organizational/Professional Communication, Intercultural/International Communication, Interpersonal Communication/Mediation, and Rhetoric/Public Communication. The program provides initial and advanced preparation for a variety of careers including continued study leading to the Ph.D. degree.

The Doctor of Philosophy in Communication provides study and training for entry into academic or professional careers that would necessitate theory-driven basic or applied research on communication practices and outcomes. The program's thrust emphasizes studying the effects of professional communication practices on organizational goals and structure, the processes of interpersonal communication and conflict resolution, and the conduct of civic practice and public communication.

Graduate Faculty

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Professors
Allen, Michael, Ph.D., Michigan State University, Chair
Braman, Sandra, Ph.D., University of Minnesota
Burrell, Nancy, Ph.D., Michigan State University,
Lim, Tae-Seop, Ph.D., Michigan State University
Olson, Kathryn M., Ph.D., Northwestern University
Associate Professors
Fonner, Kathryn, Ph.D., Northwestern University
Harris, Leslie, Ph.D., Northwestern University
Jordan, John, Ph.D., University of Georgia
Sahlstein Parcell, Erin, Ph.D., University of Iowa
Song, Hayeon, Ph.D., University of Southern California
Timmerman, Lindsay, Ph.D., University of Texas
Timmerman, C. Erik, Ph.D., University of Texas
Assistant Professors
Kim, Sang-Yeon, Ph.D., Michigan State University
Ruppel, Erin, Ph.D, University of Arizona

Master of Arts in Communication

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Admission

An applicant must meet Graduate School requirements plus these departmental requirements to be considered for admission to the program:

  1. Possess the equivalent of an undergraduate major in speech, speech communication, or related areas.
  2. Possess an undergraduate grade point average of 3.00 in the major.
  3. Submit three letters of recommendation from persons capable of judging the applicant's capacity for success in a graduate program of study.
  4. Submit scores from verbal, quantitative, and analytical sections of the Graduate Record Examination.
  5. Submit a sample of written work from an academic and/or professional assignment.

Applicants may be admitted with specific program-defined course deficiencies provided that the deficiencies amount to no more than two courses.

The student is expected to satisfy deficiency requirements within three enrolled semesters. The deficiencies are monitored by the Graduate School and the individual graduate program unit. No course credits earned in making up deficiencies may be counted as program credits required for the degree.

Applicants without the requisite grade point average may be considered for admission on a probationary basis.

Major Professor as Advisor

The student must have a major professor to advise and supervise the student's studies as specified in Graduate School regulations. The major professor should be designated no later than the end of the student's first year of enrollment. The incoming student is assigned the Graduate Coordinator or other program faculty member as an initial advisor until a major professor is selected.

Credits and Courses

The minimum degree requirement is 30 credits, including 24 credits taken in the Department of Communication; that is, a maximum of 6 credits taken outside the department may count toward the total credits required. Students must take 24 of the 30 required credits in courses numbered 700 or above.

Students must complete either a professional project or a thesis.

Required Courses
General
800 Proseminar: The Discipline of Communication, 3 cr
One of the following Methods Courses
700 Quantitative Research in Communication, 3 cr
701 Critical Analysis of Communication, 3 cr
702 Qualitative Research in Communication, 3 cr
770 Measurement and Evaluation in Speech Communication, 3 cr
Electives

Students complete 24 credits in elective courses, most of them selected from courses in the Department of Communication, with the following caveats. A maximum of 6 credits below the 700 level may be counted toward the degree. A maximum of 6 credits in courses outside the department may count toward the degree. No more than 9 credits selected from the combination of Commun 998, Commun 999, and courses outside the department may count toward the degree. In addition, the following restrictions on the number of credits that may count toward the degree are placed on these courses:

860 Seminar: Issues in Communication: (Subtitled) (6 credit maximum)
990 Research and Thesis (1 to 6)
998 Communication Internship (3 credits maximum)
999 Independent Study (3 credits maximum)
Rhetorical Leadership Concentration

Interested students may complete a concentration in rhetorical leadership that will be designated on their transcripts. The concentration requires the following courses, which students may select to meet the M.A. degree's course requirements:

Required courses (6 cr)
772 Rhetorical Leadership and Ethics, 3 cr
762 Argumentation in Theory and Practice, 3 cr  OR  872 Rhetorics of Constituting Community and Social Controversy, 3 cr
Electives (9 cr)
665 Introduction to Mediation, 3 cr
667 Great American Speakers and Issues, 3 cr
672 Communication and Social Order, 3 cr
701* Critical Analysis of Communication, 3 cr
735 Rhetorical Theory, 3 cr [title change pending]
762 Argumentation in Theory and Practice, 3 cr (if not selected above)
835 Seminar in Contemporary Public Address, 3 cr
860 Seminar: Issues in Communication: (Subtitle, with a rhetorical topic), 3 cr
862 Public Deliberation, 3 cr
865 Theory and Practice of Mediation, 3 cr
872 Rhetorics of Constituting Community and Social Controversy, 3 cr (if not selected above)
873 The Digital Mirror, 3 cr
882 The Rhetoric of Kenneth Burke, 3 cr
893 Rhetoric of/and the Internet, 3 cr
972* Advanced Methods in Communication Research: (Subtitle, with rhetorical topic)
998 Communication Internship, 1-3 cr (with rhetorical leadership topic directed by a member of the Rhetorical Leadership Committee)
*Students may count 701 or 972, but not both, toward concentration requirements. Comm 701 can count as a concentration elective or the required methods course above—not both.

These courses complete one content area and 12 elective credits of the degree.

M.A. Portfolio Project

At the master's level, the M.A. Portfolio Project (MAPP) is designed to allow students to synthesize their accomplishments during the M.A. program and identify their strengths and needs as they pursue objectives beyond graduate school. In conjunction with the completion of 30-credit hours (per Department of Communication M.A. guidelines), students who successfully complete a MAPP will meet the requirements for the M.A. in Communication.

The M.A. Portfolio Project will provide students with an opportunity to:

  • Compile documentation of academic accomplishments during the pursuit of an M.A.
  • Synthesize the primary contributions of M.A. coursework
  • Critically reflect upon accomplishments in written work.
  • Reflect upon the accomplishment of their initial goals and objectives for the M.A., and articulate future career goals and objectives that will utilize the skills/knowledge gained.
  • Establish a connection with a field expert (e.g., an individual who works in the student’s desired employment sector or a member of a community group with whom the student hopes to work) and gain additional information about activities the student may wish to pursue after graduation.
  • Reflect upon one’s understanding of future pursuits and draw connections between the M.A. experience and the nature of this type of work/service.
Thesis Option

A thesis involves applied or basic research and is a proven method for developing specialized knowledge and skills that can enhance an individual's expertise within a substantive area of study. A thesis is recommended for students who intend to continue study toward the Ph.D. degree or plan research-related employment. If the thesis option is elected, the student must initiate and write an original research project under the guidance of his/her major professor; the student also must pass an oral defense of the finished project conducted by his/her thesis committee.

Time Limit

The student must complete all degree requirements within five years of initial enrollment.

Doctor of Philosophy in Communication

Admission

An applicant must meet Graduate School requirements, hold a master's degree in communication or a related field, and meet these departmental requirements to be considered for admission to the program in regular status:

  • Have a cumulative GPA of at least a 3.33 (B+) in course work for the master's degree.
  • Submit letters of recommendation from at least three (3) communication professionals attesting to the student's capability to perform satisfactorily at the doctoral level (academic references preferred).
  • Submit a writing sample that demonstrates the applicant's analytical and critical thinking skills.

Applicants lacking the requisite GPA, and those without the Master of Arts/Science in Communication (or an equivalent degree) may be considered for admission on probation, and may be required to complete preparatory coursework.

Reapplication/Readmission

Students who receive the M.A. in Communication from UWM must reapply to be considered for admission to the Ph.D. program.

Major Professor as Advisor

Initially, unless a student specifically requests a particular faculty member, all doctoral students are assigned an "interim" advisor. After the completion of 12 credits, a student is required to designate a faculty member with specialized interests compatible with those of the student to act as the major professor. The major professor is expected to assist the student in planning the remainder of the program of studies, chair the student's preliminary examination committee, supervise the completion of the Ph.D. dissertation, and conduct of the dissertation defense meeting. All students should consult the departmental handbook for additional details on departmental policies and procedures.

Residence

The student must meet minimum Graduate School residence requirements of one continuous academic year of full-time graduate studies at UWM. This can be satisfied by completing at least 8 graduate credits in each of two consecutive semesters, or 6 or more graduate credits in each of three consecutive semesters, exclusive of summer sessions. Residence credit cannot be earned at the master's level.

Course of Study requirements are changing.

Currently enrolled students have the option of following the old or new requirements. Students entering in Fall 2014 or later must complete the new requirements.

Course of Study

To fulfill the credit requirement for the Ph.D. in Communication, a student must complete at least 54 credits beyond the master’s degree, of which 48 must be numbered 700 or above. Thirty-three credits must be taken from the Communication Department. Students may complete 6 credit hours in courses below 700 offered outside the Department of Communication. Courses taken toward a master's degree will not apply to the doctoral program of studies. The 54 credits must be distributed as follows:

  • A minimum of 6 credits of course work from communication research tools in courses numbered 900 or above, 3 credits of which must be in Commun 900. (Students will determine additional research tool credits in consultation with their advisor, so as to demonstrate methodological competence in their chosen area of study.)
  • A minimum of 15 credits reflecting the student designing a thematic program of study combining theory and praxis in the study of communication processes.
  • A minimum of 21 additional elective credits.
  • A maximum of 12 credits for completion of the doctoral dissertation [Commun 990] may be applied toward the 54 credit requirement.
Transcript-Designated Concentration in Rhetorical Leadership

Within the Ph.D., students may elect to fulfill a transcript-designated concentration in Rhetorical Leadership by completing 15 credits as follows:

Required courses (6 cr):
Commun 772 Rhetorical Leadership and Ethics, 3 cr
At least one of:
Commun 762 Argumentation in Theory and Practice, 3 cr
Commun 872 Rhetorics of Constituting Community and Social Controversy, 3 cr
Electives (9 cr):
Commun 701* Critical Analysis of Communication, 3 cr
Commun 735 Rhetorical Theory, 3 cr [title change pending]
Commun 762 Argumentation in Theory and Practice, 3 cr (if not selected above)
Commun 835 Seminar in Contemporary Public Address, 3 cr
Commun 860 Seminar: Issues in Communication: (Subtitle, with a rhetorical topic), 3 cr
Commun 862 Public Deliberation, 3 cr
Commun 865 Theory and Practice of Mediation, 3 cr
Commun 872 Rhetorics of Constituting Community and Social Controversy, 3 cr (if not selected above)
Commun 873 The Digital Mirror, 3 cr
Commun 882 The Rhetoric of Kenneth Burke, 3 cr
Commun 893 Rhetoric of/and the Internet, 3 cr
Commun 972* Advanced Methods in Communication Research: (Subtitle, with rhetorical topic), 3 cr
Commun 998 Communication Internship, 1-3 cr (with rhetorical leadership topic directed by a member of the Rhetorical Leadership Committee)
*students may count Commun 701 or 972, but not both, toward concentration requirements
Comprehensive Preliminary Examination

A student must pass all components of a comprehensive preliminary examination to be advanced to candidacy for the doctoral degree. The examining committee is responsible for setting an examination schedule agreeable to all parties subject to the constraints that: (a) examinations must include at least 18 hours of questioning, and (b) must be completed in no longer than two (2) calendar weeks. Each member of the examining committee must read and pass the student on all examination questions the faculty member contributes. The student must receive a passing evaluation from all members of the committee on the written portion of the examination in order to attempt an oral defense of the examination. An affirmative vote constitutes the committee's decision to advance the student to candidacy for the doctoral degree.

Students who fail the doctoral preliminary examination may not proceed to the dissertation. The exam may be retaken only once. The preliminary examination must be successfully completed within five years of initial enrollment.

Dissertation

The candidate, under the supervision of the major professor and in collaboration with a dissertation committee, must write a dissertation that demonstrates the ability to formulate a research topic and pursue an independent and original investigation of the chosen topic. The practices for the dissertation will conform to the guidelines established by the UWM Graduate School. The dissertation committee shall be composed of the major professor and four additional graduate faculty members (at least three of whom must be from the Communication Department's graduate faculty). The dissertation committee is responsible for assessing the dissertation project, which involves approving the dissertation prospectus proposal, reviewing working drafts of research in progress, and, finally, evaluating the candidate's ability to defend decisions made during the course of research. After submission of a reading copy of the dissertation to the faculty dissertation committee, the candidate and the major professor will schedule a committee meeting for the purpose of undertaking an oral defense of the dissertation work by the candidate. At the conclusion of the candidate's oral remarks, the dissertation committee will vote on passing the candidate's dissertation work. A majority of the committee must vote to approve the dissertation and recommend granting of the Doctor of Philosophy degree.

Time Limit

All components of the Ph.D. program must be completed within 10 years of matriculation.

Courses

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Courses numbered 300-699 are Undergraduate/Graduate. Courses numbered 700 and above are Graduate only.

497 Study Abroad: (Subtitled). 1-12 cr. U/G.
Designed to enroll students in UWM sponsored program before course work level, content, and credits are determined and/or in specially prepared program course work. Retakable w/chg in topic. Prereq: jr st; satisfaction of GER English Composition competency req; acceptance for Study Abroad Prog.
550 International and Global Communication. 3 cr. U/G.
Models, theories, and contexts of relational communication between people from different nation states, viewed from interpersonal, small group, organizational, and rhetorical perspectives. Prereq: jr st; Commun 350(P) or 450(P); satisfaction of GER English Composition competency req; or cons instr.
627 Designing and Developing Communication Courses and Programs. 3 cr. U/G.
Theory/methods in designing/developing communication courses/programs for academic (college)/organizational (training) environments. Students design/develop instructional materials for online and/or onsite delivery. Prereq: jr st; 9 cr Commun 300-level or above; declared Commun or BAOA major; satisfaction of GER English Composition competency req; or cons instr.
655 Cultural Training and Adjustment. 3 cr. U/G.
Theories and research related to the role of communication in cultural adjustment processes, cultural training, and evaluation of training. Prereq: jr st; Commun 350(P) or 450(P); satisfaction of GER English Composition competency req; or cons instr.
665 Introduction to Mediation. 3 cr. U/G.
Course focuses on learning about the mediation process, related theories, and its application in a variety of contexts. Students receive twenty hours of mediation training. Prereq: jr st; satisfaction of GER English Composition competency req.
667 Great American Speakers and Issues. 3 cr. U/G.
Selected great speakers and their speeches on major issues in American history. Prereq: jr st; satisfaction of GER English Composition competency req.
672 Communication and Social Order. 3 cr. U/G.
The role of communication in both maintaining and challenging social structures and hierarchies. Prereq: jr st; satisfaction of GER English Composition competency req.
675 Communication in International Mediation and Peacebuilding. 3 cr. U/G.
The various forms of international mediatory activity employed to bring sustainable peace to areas gripped by ethnic and social conflict. Prereq: jr st; satisfaction of GER English Composition competency req; or cons instr.
681 Seminar in Communication in a World of AIDS. 3 cr. U/G.
Communication issues surrounding education and prevention of HIV infection both in the United States and across the world. Prereq: jr st; satisfaction of GER English Composition competency req.
700 Quantitative Research in Communication. 3 cr. G.
Introduction to the methods and techniques of quantitative research in communication, with special focus on problems of experimental and field research. Prereq: grad st.
701 Critical Analysis of Communication. 3 cr. G.
Introduction to the methods and techniques of humanistic research in communication, with special focus on problems of criticism and history. Prereq: grad st.
702 Qualitative Research in Communication. 3 cr. G.
Methods and techniques of qualitative research in communication; special focus on problems of discourse analysis and interaction observation. Prereq: grad st.
710 Managerial Communication. 3 cr. G.
Designed for organizational communication practitioners; surveys analytic and implementation skills necessary for effective management of communication processes. Prereq: grad st.
715 Technology for Health Communication. 3 cr. G.
Seminar designed to introduce students to both significant theoretical perspectives and empirical studies related to communication technology for health promotion. Prereq: grad st
727 Seminar in Communication and E-Learning. 3 cr. G.
Theoretical and applied issues related to teaching communication within an e-learning environment. For individuals interested in college teaching/corporate training. Prereq: grad st.
735 Rhetorical Theory. 3 cr. G.
Critical study of various humanistic theories of rhetorical communication. Major emphasis on contemporary theories, trends, and concepts. Prereq: grad st.
750 Theory and Research in Intercultural Communication. 3 cr. G.
Major theories and contemporary research in the field of intercultural, cross-cultural, and global communication. Prereq: grad st.
762 Argumentation in Theory and Practice. 3 cr. G.
Argumentation theories in a performance-based context to train citizen-scholars. Assumes no prior knowledge of argumentation theories. Prereq: grad st.
770 Measurement and Evaluation in Speech Communication. 3 cr. G.
Consideration of problems and methods of formulating, constructing, and interpreting tests, measurements, and evaluation procedures related to speech communication. Prereq: grad st; Commun 700(P) or cons instr.
772 Rhetorical Leadership and Ethics. 3 cr. G.
The practice of responsible leadership from the humanities-based perspective of rhetoric. Prereq: grad st.
800 Proseminar: The Discipline of Communication. 3 cr. G.
The theoretical, conceptual, and pedagogical parameters of communication as a discipline. Prereq: grad st; admission to Commun M.A. Program or cons instr.
801 Seminar in Interpersonal Communication. 3 cr. G.
Overview of current perspectives and critical analysis of research in verbal and nonverbal aspects of interpersonal communication. Prereq: grad st.
802 Marital and Family Communication. 3 cr. G.
Examination of how communication functions to develop, maintain, enrich, or limit family relationships. Prereq: grad st.
803 Gender and Communication. 3 cr. G.
Seminar on interactive relationships between gender, communication, and culture; emphasis on the ways in which communication creates and perpetuates gendered identities and gendered interaction. Prereq: grad st.
804 Seminar on Sexuality and Communication. 3 cr. G.
Formation of and communication about sexuality and sexual issues; connections among media, technology, and interpersonal forms of communication. Counts as repeat of Commun 860 w/similar topic. Prereq: grad st.
805 Seminar on Issues in Interpersonal Communication: (Subtitled). 3 cr. G.
In-depth study and discussion of application of interpersonal communication research and theory. Counts as repeat of Commun 860 with same subtitle. Retakable w/chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: grad st.
806 Understudied Close Relationships. 3 cr. G.
How communication functions to develop, maintain, enrich, or limit understudied close relationships. Counts as a repeat of Commun 805 w/similar topic. Prereq: grad st.
807 Dark Side of Close Relationships. 3 cr. G.
Challenging, complicated, stressful, and unpleasant communication in close relationships. Counts as a repeat of Commun 805 w/similar topic. Prereq: grad st.
810 Studies of Communication in Organizations. 3 cr. G.
Surveys theory and research on communication processes that constitute and maintain organizations. Topics include communication and networks, managerial hierarchy, power, and organizational culture. Prereq: grad st.
812 Communication Policy for Organizations. 3 cr. G.
Best practices for translating communication laws and regulations into organizational operations, drawing on both social science and the law. Prereq: grad st.
813 Seminar in Mediated Communication. 3 cr. G.
Advanced course focusing on theory and research pertaining to relationships between human communication processes and interactive technologies. Prereq: grad st.
815 Communication Technologies in Organizations. 3 cr. G.
Examination of theory and research addressing the use of technologies in the organizational communication process. Counts as repeat of Commun 860 w/ same topic. Prereq: grad st.
820 Communication in Customer Service Settings. 3 cr. G.
Theory and research addressing communication in customer service settings. Counts as a repeat of Commun 860 w/similar title. Prereq: grad st.
823 Seminar in Small Group Communication. 3 cr. G.
Examination of theory and research in small group communication: methods, applications, and problems of small group communication. Prereq: grad st.
830 (effective 01/26/2015) Negotiation. 3 cr. G.
Theory and research addressing negotiation as fundamentally a communicative process. Counts as repeat of Commun 860 w/ same topic. Prereq: grad st.
835 Seminar in Contemporary Public Address. 3 cr. G.
Observation and analysis of verbal and nonverbal messages, forms, situations, strategies and media in contemporary public communication. Prereq: grad st.
837 Instructional Communication in the College Classroom. 3 cr. G.
Theory and practice of instructional communication in the college classroom; research connected to students' own teaching development. Prereq: grad st
850 Seminar in Intercultural Communication. 3 cr. G.
Examination of advanced theory and research in intercultural and international communication; methods and problems of intercultural communication research. Prereq: grad st.
860 Seminar: Issues in Communication: (Subtitled). 3 cr. G.
In-depth study and discussion of application of communication research and theory. Content varies. Retakable w/chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: grad st.
862 Public Deliberation. 3 cr. G.
Emerging literature on deliberative democracy; ethical, practical, and political possibilities for public argument and decision making. Prereq: grad st
864 Communication and Social Influence. 3 cr. G.
Advanced theory and experimental studies in persuasion. Prereq: grad st.
865 Theory and Practice of Mediation. 3 cr. G.
Course extends learning about mediator communication competence by exploring professional, ethical and theoretical issues in third party intervention. Students receive advanced mediation training and field experience. Prereq: grad st; Commun 665(P).
872 Rhetorics of Constituting Community and Social Controversy. 3 cr. G.
Advanced theories of promoting and disrupting identification or division and social conflict through rhetoric. Prereq: grad st.
873 The Digital Mirror. 3 cr. G.
Public messages about a wide range of technologies as purposeful statements about our identity as a technoculture and technocitizens. Prereq: grad st
874 Rhetoric of Women's Rights in the US. 3 cr. G.
The rhetorical tradition of women's rights in the U.S. and its use as a lens to reflect on rhetorical theory and criticism. Prereq: grad st
881 Interpersonal Health Communication. 3 cr. G.
Examination of theory and research in interpersonal communication in the management of health and illness. Counts as repeat of Commun 860 w/ same topic. Prereq: grad st
882 The Rhetoric of Kenneth Burke. 3 cr. G.
Synthesis, analysis, and critique of Kenneth Burke's work on rhetoric and its influences. Prereq: grad st
888 Candidate for Degree. 0 cr. G.
Available for graduate students who must meet minimum credit load requirement. Fee for 1 cr assessed. Prereq: grad st.
893 Rhetoric of/and the Internet. 3 cr. G.
The concept of "The Internet" in popular culture; opportunities and obstacles the internet presents to rhetorical communication. Prereq: grad st
900 Philosophy and Practice of Communication. 3 cr. G.
Philosophical and theoretical perspectives on the scholarly study of human communication. Prereq: grad st
913 Advanced Topics in Group Communication: (Subtitled). 3 cr. G.
Theory of and research on emerging issues related to the study and teaching of group communication. Retakable w/chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: grad st.
950 Theory Building in Communication and Culture. 3 cr. G.
The processes of conducting scientific inquiry about communication and culture. Prereq: grad st; Commun 750(P); Commun 850(P).
965 The Discourse of Conflict. 3 cr. G.
Conflict talk in various contexts; collection, analysis, and transcription of the discourse of conflict. Prereq: grad st; Commun 665(P), 765 (P), or 865(P)
971 Meta-Analysis: Practice and Application. 3 cr. G.
Meta-analysis as means of quantitative literature summary for social sciences with application to education and health. Counts as repeat of Commun 972 w/similar subtitle. Prereq: grad st.
972 Advanced Methods in Communication Research: (Subtitled). 3 cr. G.
Multivariate statistical methods. Advanced and emerging new methodologies for communication research. Retakable w/chg in topic to 9 cr max. Prereq: grad st; Commun 700(P), 701(P), 702(P), 770(P); or cons instr
973 Topics in Rhetorical Research: (Subtitled). 3 cr. G.
In-depth examination of a particular area of rhetorical research, with focus on methodologies; students reflect on epistemic, publication, and professional issues. Retakable w/chg in topic to 6 cr. Prereq: grad st.
981 Communication and HIV/AIDS. 3 cr. G.
Communication issues and challenges facing individuals and agencies surrounding HIV and AIDS in the United States and other countries. Prereq: grad st
990 Research and Thesis. 1-12 cr. G.
Production of a thesis under the supervision of student's major professor with consultation of the degree committee. Prereq: grad st & cons instr.
998 Communication Internship. 1-3 cr. G.
Student applies course work in profit or nonprofit setting; synthesizes course and work experience in graded paper. Retakable to 3 cr max. Prereq: grad st; 12 grad cr Commun or, for mediation interns, 6 grad cr from Mediation Cert course list; writ cons sponsoring agency or organization; cons supervising faculty member & Commun grad prog dir.
999 Independent Study. 1-3 cr. G.
Supervised investigation of a particular topic area either not covered by other communication courses or at a level of sophistication beyond that in other courses. Retakable to 3 cr max for M.A. students, and 9 cr max for Ph.D. students. Prereq: grad st; cons instr.

Page last updated on: 12/18/2014